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The immediacy from the internet has exposed a brave “new world “for gambler.


Within the recent game playing industry events, which I joined, I overheard a discussion between two guys and one of them instructed another that using a casino website is a means to make quick money online.

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Its leading gaming applications include casino, poker, bingo, sports betting, live, mobile and social gaming, casual and fixed odds games.

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LONDON, April 26, 2013 /PRNewswire/ –

New licensees include existing online operators upgrading or diversifying their offering, land-based casino groups, government sponsored entities such as lotteries, and new entrants making their m88 online gaming debut, particularly in newly-regulated markets.

About Playtech    

Playtech Ltd

Mor Weizer, Chief Executive Officer

Ron Hoffman, Chief Financial Officer

c/o Pelham Bell Pottinger


Adam Kay, Head of Investor Relations  


The Group’s capabilities enable the delivery of an integrated software or turnkey solution, with players accessing online, broadcast, mobile and server-based gaming terminals through a single account.

SOURCE Playtech

     (Logo: ).  RAY’s overall gaming revenues have increased significantly by integrating online gaming into its entertainment portfolio for Finnish consumers, without compromising business development across Finland’s land based gaming operations.

For further information contact:

Pelham Bell Pottinger

David Rydell / Olly Scott / Guy Scarborough     


Shay Segev, Playtech’s COO, commented, “We are very pleased that the partnership between the two companies has remained strong and that moving forward, we will continue to see the relationship grow. RAY is a strategic Playtech partner, demonstrating our strong position in Regulated Markets.”

Playtech develops unified software platforms and content for the online and land-based gaming industry, together with providing a range of ancillary services such as marketing, hosting and CRM services.

Founded in 1999, Playtech is listed on the London Stock Exchange and has over 2,700 employees located in nine countries.  During this time, RAY has had great success in the market with almost EUR50m GGR (Gross Gaming Revenue) reported for 2012 alone.  With the recent launch of  Playtech’s  Mobile Casino, RAY will have yet another platform to drive revenue and engage players in the Finnish market for years to come.

Playtech (LSE: PTEC), the international designer, developer, licensor and provider of software and services for the online, mobile, TV and land-based gaming industry, announces a two-year extension of the Company’s contract with RAY, (Finnish Slot Machine Association).

For the past three years, following a public tender, Playtech has been providing RAY with its leading Casino and Poker products according to Finnish regulation

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The last thing you would want happen is to see your money on other player’s hands. She loves nature and extreme adventure yet she loves cooking and interior designs.

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Never gamble

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Anna writes articles on casino accommodation and casino entertainment. Although it is quite hard to avoid “gambling”, you can still do this by avoiding games that you are not that familiar with.

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Anna is a journalist, photography enthusiast, writer, blogger and SEO specialist. Click Dunedin casino for more information.. If you plan to stay in the casino entertainment and accommodation, try to search online to find the best deals on casino accommodation. Try spending low and gaining more than you have invested.

Author’s Bio: 

So if you want to save on rates, unfortunately, the best time to spend cheap on casinos is on Sunday to Thursday as these days offer much cheaper rates.

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Recommended Reading

At the end of July, the company expects to have its nominee take over management of all of the company’s other joint venture in Poland.

The company announced that it had withdrawn its application to Nasdaq and would reapply for listing at such time as the company receives the audit of its now wholly owned subsidiary McKenzie Methane Poland, B.V. and has raised sufficient capital to ensure the company meets the net worth requirement for a Nasdaq listing. Ltd. Payment for the sale was inthe form of $1,000,000 (U.S.) in cash and conversion of a companydebenture with accrued principal and interest due to of $1,702,908(U.S.). ST: Utah IN: OIL SU: OFR

At the annual shareholders’ meeting of Poltex Methane, the largest of the company’s joint venture, Michael McKenzie was officially replaced as president of the management committee and replaced by the company’s nominee. 1 /PRNewswire/ — EuroGas Inc., an explorationstage Utah corporation (the “company”) announced today that ithad completed the sale of 772,259 shares of its common stock for grossproceeds of $2,702,908 (U.S.) to foreign investors through Union CapitalMarkets U.K. Fish of EuroGas, 801-255-0862/


In the pursuit of various financing arrangements, the company has granted to Winzer and Maurer, a European entity, an option to purchase up to 3,430,000 shares of EuroGas common stock at $3.50 per share and the option to purchase up to $10,000,000 of convertible debentures on or before Sept. Those companies are in the process of developing coal bed methane gas reserves in the Upper Silesian coal fields of Poland.

The company’s common stock is traded on the Bulletin Board under the symbol “EGAS.”

-0- 8/1/95

/CONTACT: Merlin V. The initial offer was preliminary in nature and requires additional detail and study. Reinhard Rauball, a director of the company.

The company also recently announced that it had received a written offer to combine its Polish concession with properties held by a major oil company. The company is continuing negotiations with that major oil company and several other foreign gas companies with respect to the possibility of combined operations in Poland.

The company can make no assurance that these negotiations, discussions, or granting of options will lead to any contractual or financing agreement and all investors should proceed with extreme caution and without relying on the possibility that any arrangement or agreement will be consummated.

CO: EuroGas Inc. ($3.50 (U.S.) per share). Winzer and Maurer is a client of Dr. The company expects to reapply by September of 1995.

KL-SS — LA079 — 0789 08/01/95 17:31 EDT

. 30, 1995. The convertible debentures, if issued, would be for a five year term, bearing interest at 7.5% and convertible at $5.00 per share (U.S.). SALT LAKE CITY, Aug. Most of the cash proceeds will be usedto pay field expenses.

The company, through its now wholly-owned subsidiary, holds an 85% interest in two companies formed by the Ministry of Environmental Protection of Natural Resources and Forestry of Poland. Net proceeds after deduction of commission and expenses wereapproximately $2,600,000 (U.S.)

Playhouses, such as the Globe, were located outside the city in Southwark. Setting that up was probably one of the more complex things.

It’s really an amazing object because it was probably very quickly made into a cheap silver reliquary with a glass opening at the top where you can see the eye inside. Oil on panel.”/>The British Museum presents Shakespeare: staging the world. Then there’s the Robben Island Bible which is clearly a wonderful object for bringing Shakespeare into the modern world, showing how he is, in some senses, the conscience of the world. The playhouses competed with bear-baiting audiences paid a penny to see one of Shakespeare’s plays, but bear-baiting was free. It was very much a Warwickshire plot and really couldn’t have escaped his notice, and the audience’s notice.

Shakespeare: staging the world is curated by Dora Thornton and Jonathan Bate. The Gunpowder Plot was, they thought, a very great terrorist threat to the survival of their government and their King, from the Catholics. It’s the right eye of a Jesuit priest who was executed, allegedly for having a part in the Gunpowder Plot, a man called Edward Oldcorne. People don’t associate Shakespeare with the British Museum…so that’s another thing…making them understand that this is a look at Shakespeare’s world as it was understood through the playhouse, and that in using objects it takes people very directly to the things that mattered to Shakespeare and his audiences.

Dora Thornton: It’s also the first time we’ve collaborated with a theatre company, the Royal Shakespeare Company, so that’s a challenge too. Oil on panel.” data-credit=”Copyright of Shakespeare Institute, Stratford-upon-Avon (University of Birmingham) ” data-credit-link=”” src=”” title=”Portrait of Abd el-Ouahed ben Messaoud ben Mohammed Anoun, ambassador to England from the King of Barbary (Morocco), unknown artist, England, c. Tickets and further information can be obtained from the British Museum.

Dora Thornton: It’s an amazing object. What’s really important about the exhibition is the way we inter-relate them and juxtapose them and put them in context. The exhibition, organised in collaboration with the Royal Shakespeare Company, is part of the World Shakespeare Festival in the London 2012 Festival. It represents the kind of torture and live executions that you could see for free just beyond the playhouse, and which is picked up in the violence of Shakespeare’s plays. Also we wanted to bring him over as well, so there were several strands to that. 1600. Somebody who knew him, and cared about him and wanted to remember him, managed to pick his eye out of the cauldron they boiled the body bits in after they chopped the person up…very gruesome. 1600. Mandela signed the book in 1977 on the anniversary of the Battle of Blood River (16th December 1838). It was disguised as Hindu scripture and secretly passed among the prisoners who signed their favourite passages. It was probably smuggled out of England very quickly and only survived because it went with the Jesuits to Belgium and came back in the 18th century to Stonyhurst, so it’s an extraordinary object.

Suite101: What would you say was the most difficult item to obtain?

The book became extremely important to Venkatrathnam and his fellow prisoners. He was executed at Worcester in 1606. Dora Thornton: It relates to Shakespeare’s London in all kinds of ways. There are also two copies of the First Folio, the first collected edition of Shakespeare’s work, which are incredibly rare. We talk about the Gunpowder Plot and his experiences of witchcraft in Scotland, and how this feeds into Macbeth.

Suite101: What is your favourite part of the exhibition?

One of the items that brings Shakespeare into the modern world is the Robben Island Bible loaned by Sonny Venkatrathnam. The open book shows Mandela’s signature on Act 2, Scene 2, Julius Caesar.

Staging the World A Word from the Curator

Dora Thornton, Curator of Renaissance Europe at the British Museum, spoke exclusively to Suite101 about the challenges in setting up the exhibition.

Digitised extracts from Shakespeare’s plays, enacted by the Royal Shakespeare Company, are shown together with almost two hundred objects ranging from manuscripts and paintings to everyday items from Shakespeare’s London.. Oil on panel.” data-caption=”Portrait of Abd el-Ouahed ben Messaoud ben Mohammed Anoun, ambassador to England from the King of Barbary (Morocco), unknown artist, England, c. Venkatrathnam, a South African of Indian descent, was imprisoned in the maximum security prison on Robben Island for his involvement with the South African Unity Movement in the 1970s. Venkatrathnam’s wife sent him this copy of Shakespeare’s plays, but it was seized by the authorities. Many of his characters were informed by overseas visitors to the city, such as Abd el-Ouahed ben Messaoud ben Mohammed Anoun, ambassador to England from the King of Barbary (Morocco). It’s not really an exhibition of ‘star’ objects…there are ‘star’ objects, but what we’ve tried to do is relate them in a way that builds a picture of Shakespeare’s world.

Visit the Exhibition

Shakespeare: staging the world will be on show in London From 19th July to 25th November 2012. He was a priest with a very strong local following, and he was captured in Worcester, and clearly at his execution as a traitor he was surrounded by friends in the crowd. This bear’s skull was excavated from the site of the Globe theatre.

Dora Thornton: That’s so difficult…there are things that are important in such completely different ways. Whether it was or not, it was a really charged moment, and the rounding up of these people, much of which occurred in Shakespeare’s own county of Warwickshire. The British Museum is grateful to BP for their support of this venture.

Highlights of the Exhibition

The exhibition shows us what it was like to go to the theatre in Shakespeare’s time. It’s inscribed on the back in Latin: ?This is the right eye of Edward Oldcorne of the Society of Jesus?. 1600. In this ground-breaking exhibition the British Museum looks at the relationship between the imagery world and plays of William Shakespeare and the real world as soon through the eyes of the author and his contemporaries.

Shakespeare used his plays to inform and provoke comment on not just the issues of the day, but also historical events. For example, there’s the manuscript called the Thomas More Manuscript from the British Library which shows Shakespeare’s actual hand, and his corrections in writing. Also, just because it’s a strand for the Cultural Olympiad and that’s a challenge as well, because there are lots of expectations.

Suite101: So this is a entirely new venture for the British Museum?

Dora Thornton: Well…that’s a difficult question…some things were quite complicated to obtain…it took years…three or four years to actually finally secure them for the exhibition. That’s incredibly important. Really, it’s quite an explosive object representing an alternative view of history to the one the government was promoting, so it’s a very political object. Venkatrathnam talked them into releasing the book by telling them it was ‘the Bible by William Shakespeare’.

Suite101: Which item do you consider is the most important piece on display?


Dora Thornton: The major challenge is using objects as a way into Shakespeare’s world, and relating objects to texts. El-Ouahed,was in London for six months, and may have been the inspiration for Othello.

Dora Thornton: I’m very fond of the bit where the Oldcorne eye is, the bit about Scotland and James the VI of Scotland’s coming down to be James I of England, and the experiences he brings with him. You know that moment in King Lear when Gloucester’s eyes are plucked out? We not saying that that is what this is…we’re saying that the relevance of that is something that Shakespeare’s audiences really understood in a way that we don’t. The execution of traitors was particularly gruesome.

British Museum Special Exhibition: Shakespeare: staging the world, accessed 18th July 2012.

Suite101: I think readers will be fascinated by the Edward Oldcorne reliquary.

Suite101: How does it relate to Shakespeare’s London?

Portrait of Abd el-Ouahed ben Messaoud ben Mohammed Anoun, ambassador to England from the King of Barbary (Morocco), unknown artist, England, c. Therefore it's part of the experience of Shakespeare's world. The owner, Sonny Venkatrathnam, was very keen to lend, but it's complicated getting a thing like that from Durban. Signatories included Walter Sisulu, Saths Cooper, Eddie Daniels, Govan Mbeki and Nelson Mandela. I have to say the Robben Island Bible was quite difficult to get

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On Thursday, after an incident in 2-1 Premier League victory against Wigan Athletic held at Stamford Bridge, the Serbian International was found guilty of this violent conduct. He will be available for both the legs of Champions League semi-final played against Barcelona.

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But on Olic, I think he got it wrong.

A booking for Luiz Gustavo now as he chops down Modric on the break. They’re not really the sort of team to do all out defence. Could be a nervy finish

CLOSE FOR CROATIA! We’re into injury time and Julio Cesar has to be alert to beat away an effort…

Oscar wraps it up, but I think there was a foul on Rakitic in the build-up….

GOAL!!!!!!! Brazil 3-1 Croatia (Oscar ’90)

Oscar wraps up the game after expertly toe-poking an effort in from around 20 yards out. I’ll defend the ref for the penalty, because he was conned, I’ll defend him for the Neymar yellow, because I think he was right. Mind you, I bet Jose Mourinho is sat on his sofa wondering where those sort of performances were in the last two months of Chelsea’s season….

It could easily have been given, dan w – it’s definitely not been Croatia’s night in terms of decisions.

Croatia will feel aggrieved, and they have every right to that, but they can take a lot from this performance. A fine performance, even as some of his team-mates wilted under the pressure.

MODRIC GOES CLOSE! Julio Cesar beats away a low drive from the Real Madrid midfielder from range. Yes, he dived for the penalty, but over the course of the night he was brave, he never stopped running, he made his chances count and all under the most unimaginable pressure.

SUB: Brazil’s hero Neymar is subbed off to a fantastic reception from the home crowd. If they can give Brazil this kind of scare, they really, really should be capable of taking Mexico and Cameroon apart.


The hosts get off to a winning start, but they made hard work of it – and some fortuitous decisions certainly helped matters.

. Five minutes to go here, and Croatia are well in this one.

Ian, maybe I’m taking an overtly English view of this, but I must respectfully disagree. Still, it’ll be three points to Brazil.

Oscar deserves that. Ramires is on.

Brazil have got their backs against the wall here. It’s an impudent finish, but the Croatia goalkeeper really should be saving that. Finally an easy decision for the referee there.

Well done, Neymar. I don’t think he raised an arm, I don’t think he used excessive force, I think he just made contact, which is fine

Indeed the so-called “Class of ’92″ which included Ryan Giggs, Paul Scholes, Beckham and the Nevilles is rare in British football. This may impress some, but if he was the manager of Ipswich Town or Sunderland and had done this, then it is an impressive record. He was outspent in his early years by the likes of Juventus and Real Madrid but in his later years he could attract the likes of Cristiano Ronaldo away from the European giants to play for him at Old Trafford.

The Truth

Sir Alex, or ‘Fergie’ as he is known, is one of the greatest managers in British football, but when you considerdifferent judging criteria he comes up short as the best of all time. 5 FA Cups, 4 League Cups and 2 European Champions League trophies. It could also be argued that when the European Cup was revamped to the Champions League he gained an advantage previous British and European managers never had. In 2008 in the first all English final in Moscow, Chelsea’s captain John Terry had a penalty kick to win the trophy but he slipped and hit the post. However hiscontrol was found lacking during Eric Cantona’s infamous ‘kung fu’ kick at a spectator. Fergie broke this mould along with to a lesser extent Jim McLean at Dundee United. Pep Guardiola won 2 with his superb Barcelona team in just 4 seasons.

Fergie took over at United in 1986 when English clubs were banned from Europe. Ironically once Cantona retired, Fergie finally gained the European success at United he craved.

Fergie can also be credited with bringing through a talented stream of youth players. His trophy count outstrips them massively. Critics of the Scottish league would say that for Jock Stein or Walter Smith to win many championships at Celtic and Rangers is down to the lack of competition in a ‘poor’ Scottish league, then one could argue that Fergie may not have had a great deal of competition too. And 2 European Cup Winners Cup (1 with United and 1 with Aberdeen).

Fergie won 2 European Cups in 22 years. Brian Clough won 2 with little Nottingham Forest! Bob Paisley won 3 European Cups in a very short spell. Obviously a lot of credit has to go to the scouts and youth coaches too. This was true at Aberdeen and again at United. David Beckham, Jaap Staam, and Roy Keane are three such high-profile cases. Remarkably United scored twice in 3 minutes from David Beckham corners to pip the Germans. It is one of British sports great “What If” questions to imagine what Fergie would have achieved at Aberdeen? What would Scottish football have been like in the 1990s? And what would Manchester United, Sky Sports, and the English Premiership have been like without Fergie and his all-conquering United side?

Fergie won 2 European Cups in 22 years. He knew Cantona was the best player in his team and he would do anything to keep him at the club. Fergie broke his own rule. Blackburn Rovers and their millionaire owner Jack Walker ‘bought success’ when they won the title in 1995. He has let many players who did not agree with his view go. However he contested 8 European Cup semi finals, again winning 4. If you are unlucky and lose a few times in the big events (Jimmy White was a perennial loser in snooker’s World Championship and golfer Colin Montgomerie may have won 8 European Order of Merits but he could never win a major championship and there are 4 a season in golf) then you are atalented person or coach but you are not the best.

Domestic Success

This is the foundation ofFergie’s reputation. United’s goalkeeper Edwin Van der Sar had went the wrong way!

This is where domestic trophies should always be discounted when we discuss the best managers. His Aberdeen side won 3 Scottish championships, 4 Scottish cups and a league cup, all won within his 8 year spell at the manager. And I’ll tell you why.

The Myth

Manchester United’s former manager, Sir Alex Ferguson is the greatest manager in the history of football. However it could be argued that he had a greater competitive advantage over his rivals for a longer period than these managers due to Manchester United’s rise as a global superpower. Perhaps Fergie was coming to achieve the dominance he craved near the end of his career as from 2008-11 he reached 3 out of 4 European finals, an achievement if he had sustained earlier then he would have become the all time best.

Pantheon of Greats

Without question Sir Alex Ferguson is an all time great. You have to win the big competitions. This goes for any sport. This is an impressive success rate over a sustained period in charge of a football club. However, his greatest achievement was actually ending the Old Firm dominance of Scottish Football by Celtic and Rangers. But as manager of Manchester United – “The Biggest Club in the World” then it doesn’t look so good. If we include non-British managers then Jose Mourinho has won 2 in the space of 12 years already and with different clubs (Porto and Internazionale). This ban was lifted in 1990 and Fergie won the Cup Winner’s Cup in 1991 at the first time of asking when United beat Barcelona 2-1. He contested 4 European cup finals in total winning 2. More than 1 team from each country could now contest the big prize. He took the club from Scotland’s oil capital and won the 1983 European Cup Winner’s Cup in the Swedish city of Gothenburg against the mighty Real Madrid. He had a financial superiority over his domestic rivals for years until Chelsea turned up in 2004 under Russian oligarch Roman Ambramovitch. Fergie believes in control and discipline. It is often overlooked that United outspent many rivals in the late 80s and early 90s. His longevity at United is comparable to the likes of Brian Clough (Nottingham Forest), Matt Busby (Manchester United) and Jim McLean (Dundee United). The Glasgow clubs have a duopoly on Scottish titles and cups with almost 100 league titles between them in around 120 years of competition. So Fergie, in his 26 years at United we can remove 4 when he wasn’t allowed to be in Europe. However only 2 wins in European football’s premier competition in 26 years shows he cannot be classed as the best.

European Failure

To be considered the very best then you have to prove it. He has won 13 Premier League championships with United. But United outspent them over the 1990s.

The 2 wins Fergie achieved were also in very dramatic circumstances and could easily have went the other way. So Fergie didn’t even have to win the league!

Modus Operandi

First of all let’s look at his methods. His first final in 1999 saw United trail Bayern Munich 1-0 as the game went into injury time. I believe he underachieved in the European Cup. This is perhaps a tad unfair, but when we go into Europe it does hold.. Aberdeen

Fergie’s greatest success was with Aberdeen. Possibly the only depth of young talent to come through in bulk like that were the Busby Babes of the 1950s and the Quality Street kids of the late 60s and early 70s at Celtic.

Over 22 years of leading United into Europe, Fergie would have to have won 4 or 5 European Cups to merit the “Greatest Ever” tag. The number of trophies he won both at Manchester United and more impressively at Aberdeen is not debatable

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R. Early experiments by Tiselius and Kabat had proved the presence of an entity in the serum (gamma globulin fraction) which bound with the antigen.

Basic Structure of Immunoglobulin

An antibody molecule is made up of two heavy chains (each with MW 50,000) and two light chains (each with MW 25,000). He subjected the IgG molecule to mercaptoethanol treatment which irreversibly cleaves the disulfide bonds. In 1949, he joined the scientific staff of the National Institute of Medical Research and was there until 1960 when he joined St. These antibodies are capable of binding to the offending foreign entity (bacterium or virus) and help other mechanisms to remove or destroy them. Osborne. H. He remained at the Institute and eventually became Associate Dean of graduate studies, a position from which he retired in 1966. He did his B.Sc (Hons) in Biochemistry in 1939 at the University of Liverpool and did his Ph.D under the supervision of the great Frederick Sanger in 1948. This proved that Fab consists of a heavy and light chain portion while Fc fragment contains only portions of heavy chain. He then attended the medical school of the University of Pennsylvania from where he received his M.D. They both studied the low molecular weight fraction, which contained a 150,000 MW gamma-globulin designated as immunoglobulin G (IgG). degree in 1954.

The tetra-peptide structure of antibody moleculeThe antibody is an important functional end product of the humoral branch of the adaptive immune system. It is produced by plasma cells (terminally-differentiated B cells) after being activated by helper T cells. He received his B.S. Goldsby, T. The remaining puzzle was to determine how the enzyme digestion products Fab, F(ab)2 and Fc were related to the heavy chain and light chain reduction products.

How the Final Pieces of the Puzzle Fell in Place

Porter finally answered the question by using antisera from goat that had been immunized with either the Fab fragments or the Fc fragments of rabbit IgG. degree, magna cum laude, in 1950. J. After serving as a Captain in the US Army, he joined the Rockefeller Institute from where he received his Ph.D degree in 1960. Freeman and Co., NY, USA.

References -

Another scientist, Alfred Nisonoff, had a similar approach to Porter, only he used a different enzyme – pepsin. Kuby Immunology, 4th ed. In the 1950s and 1960s, experiments by Rodney Porter and by Gerald Edelman elucidated the basic structure of the immunoglobulin molecule. He found that the antibody to the Fab fragment could react with both the H and the L chains, whereas antibody to the Fc fragment reacted only with the H chain. A. 2000. He obtained two fractions, one with a MW of 25,000 (light chain) and one with a MW of 50,000 (heavy chain).. Pepsin digestion of IgG yielded a single 100,000 MW fragment composed of two Fab-like fragments and designated F(ab)2. The heavy chains are attached to each other, whereas the light chains are bound to heavy chains, by means of covalent bonds and many non-covalent linkages. Porter subjected IgG to brief digestion with the enzyme papain and separated the fragments. A. Later he became a Professor of the Rockefeller University.

Experiments of Porter and Edelman

Edelmans and Porters experimental approaches were quite different. Both first separated the gamma-globulin fraction of serum into high-and low molecular weight fractions. This treatment cleaves only the most susceptible bonds. It forms a roughly Y shaped structure, where the arms make up what is known as the Fab (fragment, antigen-binding) region and the stem makes up the Fc (fragment, crystallizable) region.

Rodney Porter

Our knowledge of basic antibody structure comes from a variety of experimental observations. The two shared the Nobel Prize in Medicine and Physiology in 1972.

Edelman dissociated the molecule by reducing the interchain disulfide bonds. Rodney Porter was born in Lancashire, England in 1917. Marys Hospital Medical School, London University as the first Pfizer Professor for Immunology.

Gerald Edelman

Gerald Edelman was born in 1929 in New York, USA

To keep the red devil cichlid happy, you need to provide plenty of hiding spots such as driftwood, rocks, caves, clay planting pots and artificial plants. I write this article to share with you the personality of the red devil cichlid in hopes that you will be more educated about this freshwater tropical fish and not be shocked when you see how aggressive it can be.

Many people bring home their new red devil cichlid not knowing the true personality it possesses. This cichlid is considered a medium to large cichlid often growing 10-12 inches in their lifetime. Many people start off by introducing their new cichlid to a community setup with other fish. I would recommend having a tank divider set up in the middle so that you can introduce the new mate on one side and keep your original red devil safely on the other side. Since red devils like to dig, live plants usually end up destroyed. This way they can get use to each other without killing one another. As they get older and larger, they usually become more aggressive. This is hit or miss and often people have no success.

By: Kris of

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Please read more about keeping the Red Devil Cichlid here. To learn more about keeping tropical fish, please visit Tropical Fish Success to read tropical fish profiles, care requirements, and browse the picture gallery.

. Males are often larger and develop a hump on their head as they age. If you wish to breed the red devil, I would strongly suggest purchasing multiple juveniles and raise them up together. Often the red devil will not tolerate one of the opposite sex. Tank owners usually begin noticing fights breaking out and their red devil chasing other fish.

This is the time that most devil owners come to the conclusion that this cichlid may not get along with much of anything. The red devil often will not tolerate any tank mates. When you do put them together, watch closely and be ready to pull one and separate them. Over the years I have seen many large red devils in our local fish stores because they became too aggressive and the owners did not want to dedicate a tank solely for it.

I hope you choose to keep your red devil cichlid even if you have to dedicate an entire tank for just him. The time comes to where some owners actually trade in their fish if they local fish store will take them back. Slowly begin removing the odd-fish-out until you notice a pair bond. If you are thinking this, you are just about right. During this first year, aquarium tank owners often start missing fish and having mysterious deaths in the tanks. Red devil cichlids are usually purchased between 2-3 inches and will grow rather fast the first year or so. First, please understand that I didnt write the article to deter anyone from owning this cichlid. The red devil cichlid also known as Amphilophus labiatus, is originally from Central America. If you attempt to introduce a mate for the red devil, do so with the lights turned out and keep an eye out for any aggression

10 minutes until kick-off!

A nice touch as David Luiz and Neymar shake the hands of all the mascots – the children still love them!

Morty, you’d have to say Podolski – although he has talked about a return to Germany.

Here come the teams – and Big Phil Scolari hands yet another package out, this time to Louis van Gaal.

The Dutch national anthem plays, with the Oranje in all blue for today’s game.

Timbear, it’s Djamel Haimoudi, who is Algerian.

Bill, seeing as Walcott wasn’t fit for the World Cup, Sanchez will take his place – but I’d imagine he’ll play wherever he wants!

Nick, they’re definitely finishing the anthem well.

What an atmosphere! A tiny mascot belts out the anthem louder than the players around her, while a girl holding one of the flags on the pitch is in tears – it’s an emotional day.


These teams play mid-week (most national club games are on weekends), through four phases of play which eventually qualifies only two teams for the championship game. In England, the chance of seeing a huge upset makes the matches very popular and its FA Cup Final is a major event. These national club leagues often have two or more divisions, with the top division getting the most attention, and hence making the most money. This game receives huge international attention.

This article is for those of you who don’t understand European soccer and how the different leagues and championships operate.

The World Cup is the highest profile soccer tournament on earth. But what about all the other leagues and championships that take place between the World Cup. In Spain, Real Madrid, FC Barcelona and Valencia play in their Primera Liga, and in Italy, AC Milan and Inter Milan play in their top Serie A league.

Beneath these teams are the amateur leagues comprised of regional or local teams, with players playing only for a small stipend. The best of the top division clubs have multi-million dollar budgets that rival North American professionals sports. Amateur teams can be promoted into the professional ranks and the worst pro teams and be dropped to amateurs. The UEFA stands for the “Union of European Football Associations.”

To answer these questions I did some research and what follows is a quick summary. That’s why a player like Portugal’s Cristiano Ronaldo played for England’s Manchester United this year, and Argentina’s Lionel Messi played for Barcelona. It’s easy to understand: the best players compete for their country with national teams advancing through qualifying tournaments in order to play in the big show. And the prestige of these competitions varies from country to country. Teams from the bottom of the First League (often the bottom three) are “relegated” or “dropped” to the second division in the next season, and the top three teams from the second division are promoted to the top division. No advancement through divisions occurs from the results of this league, and the top teams often play their second string. In Germany, however, cup competitions get little attention.

Like the NHL or NBA, teams are allowed to field the best team they can afford, and they sign players from around the world to multi-million dollar contracts if they think they can help them to win. Why are there players from Brazil playing in Manchester, England? What are all these terms I keep hearing about: Premierships, First league, FA Cup?

While these national league and cup competitions are taking place, the professional league champion from each country (based on last year’s results), and a few second-place finishers, are simultaneously competing in the UEFA Champions League. The top division in England, for example, is called the Premier League and usually includes teams such and Manchester United, Liverpool and Arsenal. The winner is the National Club Champion.

While the extra money gives the teams in the top league the best chance of remaining in the top league, that position is performance-based. PLAYERS

THE NATIONAL CUP CHAMPIONSHIPS (I.E. So, there are opportunities for all of the professional and amateur clubs to play each other. While not every team is invited (usually it’s the less successful Division 1 teams and the top from each lower division and amateur leagues).

These National Cup competitions are single elimination and take place throughout the season, usually in the amateur club’s venues — which can create quite a stir. Because of this, every game holds great significance, both financially and in terms of prestige.

The championship in these leagues is based on the best record over the course of the season, and the teams play each other twice or four times. The same exchange occurs between the second and third division, if there is one.


Since the placement in leagues is based on play from the previous year, it’s possible that a team from the second, third or even amateur division might actually be the best in the country. This year, it was Barcelona versus Manchester United, with the underdog Barcelona coming out on top. Understanding how these leagues work has already made me into more of a soccer fan – I now understand what’s going on and what’s at stake. A 2006 BBC survey showed that the average wage per year for players in England’s Premier league was 676,000 pounds sterling, or about $1.1 million dollars per year.

. I’ll use the term “soccer” instead of “football” to avoid confusion with North American football.


First of all, every major soccer country has it’s own professional league, all playing with the same FIFA (Federation Internationale de Football Association)rules

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